Crops Grown in Bihar

7 Top Wondrous and Nutritious Crops Grown in Bihar

A basic understanding of the different crops that are grown in Bihar and the nutrients each offer can help you create healthy eating habits and lose weight easily.

Here’s an introduction to the 3wondrous and nutritious crops grown in Bihar and the nutrients they contain, including protein, carbohydrates, and fat grams per 100g serving size.

The List of Crops Grown in Bihar

  • Pulses

  • Pomegranates

  • Mango

  • Corn

  • Peas

  • Guava

  • Papaya

  • Maize

  • Jute

1. Pulses

Bihar is a state in eastern India, and pulses are common crops grown here. A pulse is a type of legume that is harvested when the seed inside the pod has matured to its full size.

In Bihar, tur (a type of pea), chana (chickpeas), moong (mung beans), and matar (green peas) are popular crops. Pulses are rich sources of protein and fiber and can be cooked as lentils or dal.

Chickpeas are popularly used as a replacement for meat because they are inexpensive, easy to cook, and have a similar consistency to chicken.

However, pulses can also be used as an appetizer or snack. They pair well with dips such as hummus or cheese dip, making them ideal party food. Pulses are also often eaten on their own; boiled chickpeas taste amazing with a sprinkle of salt, chilli powder, and lemon juice.

2. Pomegranates

The pomegranate is the largest tree fruit in the world, there are approximately 50 seeds per fruit, and the average weight of a pomegranate is between 1 to 3 pounds.

Pomegranates have more vitamin C than an orange and contain more potassium than bananas. It’s considered one of the healthiest foods on earth due to its high levels of antioxidants. It also has soluble fiber that helps lower cholesterol and prevents heart disease.

It also has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic properties that help fight infection. These antioxidants also promote healthier skin.

3. Mango

Mango is a type of fruit that is often consumed by people. Mango can be eaten raw or cooked, when the mango is cooked, it becomes a sweet, sticky, gelatinous dessert.

It has been cultivated for more than 4,000 years, the most common type of mangoes grown in India are Alphonso Mangoes from Maharashtra and Ratnagiri Mangoes from Maharastra.

It is an abundant crop for farmers to grow because its production does not depend on the climate and it has very low input costs, meaning the price remains low for consumers.

Additionally, mango trees require very little water and do well in tropical climates which makes them an excellent choice for farmers growing crops with little rainfall.

4. Corn

This is one of the crops grown in Bihar. India’s corn production has been on the rise. In some regions, it is even used as a staple food. Corn was introduced to India by European traders and colonists in the 17th century. It spread quickly across India due to its high yields under dry conditions, which are prevalent throughout much of India.

The Indian state of Maharashtra is one of the largest producers of corn in India, with around 2 million hectares planted with this crop every year.

 The Gujarati Indians make a sweet dish called Muthia from corn flour. In central India, more than 300,000 people make their living growing corn. When it comes to taste, their corn is often preferred over rice, especially during festivals. Some parts of India even use coarsely-ground corn as bread.

In southern states such as Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, there are approximately 5 million hectares planted with high-yielding hybrid varieties of corns that produce an abundant crop almost every year.

5. Peas

Bihar is one of the largest producers of peas in India. The region has two major types of peas: pigeon pea or Toor dal, and green peas.

Pigeon peas are a staple food for many people in this area, they are also used to make flour for bread, soup, and other foods, while green peas can be eaten whole or cooked. Other crops grown in Bihar include wheat, rice, potatoes, corn (maize), and various lentils.

There are more than twenty-five types of peas grown in Bihar, but three have a particular prominence: cowpeas, desi chickpeas, and gram. Cowpeas are traditionally cooked in soups or stews with meat or lentils to make them more filling.

6. Guava

Bihar is one of India’s most fertile states due to its rich soil and abundant water sources. There are many diverse crops grown here including guava. Guava trees thrive on marginal land that is not suitable for other crops.

The guava is a juicy sweet fruit that is available year-round. The taste of guavas varies depending on how ripe they are, ranging from tangy to sweet. When buying guava, always give it a little squeeze. Hard or squishy guava will never be as good as the softer ones.

7. Papaya

Bihar is a state that has fertile ground, which allows many different crops to be grown. The most common crop grown there is the Papaya fruit. Papayas are tropical plants that have a large range of varieties and colors.

They are low in calories, high in fiber and rich in Vitamin C. The fruit is also rich in potassium and Vitamins A, B6, E, niacin, and folate as well as dietary minerals like calcium, zinc, magnesium, selenium, and iron.

It’s particularly useful for those suffering from a protein deficiency since it contains an essential amino acid called tryptophan.

Tryptophan is often prescribed as an over-the-counter sleep aid to people who suffer from insomnia because it regulates melatonin production.

8. Maize

In the context of crop production, maize is a cereal crop that is grown worldwide. It’s been used for food for centuries and it is one of the most important staple crops for many regions. The word maize comes from the Spanish word mazza, which means corn. The term corn can refer to any type of grain, so you might also hear maize called Indian corn or American corn.

 It is a warm-season crop that requires hot temperatures, lots of light, and water. It can be planted earlier than other crops that grow in colder regions.

9. Jute

It is the most popular natural fiber used worldwide, making it a major export crop of India. The fibers are extremely strong and durable, making them perfect for manufacturing ropes, twines, sacks, etc.

It is one of the crops grown in Bihar used to make matting and string kinds of cotton which is a popular form of decoration for homes as well as furniture upholstery.

Jute is also used to make jute bags which are one of the most common forms of packaging across the country, both for wet and dry goods. There’s an added benefit- these can be produced at a significantly lower cost than paper or plastic options.

In addition to its other uses, bamboo grows quickly and makes great lumber. Dried bamboo that has been processed into strips is then turned into a material that closely resembles wood but with greater strength, flexibility, and durability.


The crops grown in Bihar are of the highest quality. These include wheat, paddy rice, maize, pearl millet, sorghum, sunflower seedlings, groundnut seeds, and mustard seeds.

For this reason, it is important to remember that agriculture is not just a livelihood option for farmers but also a way to save your future. The government should take care of providing them with the right agricultural inputs so that they can grow crops efficiently. Do you have suggestions about crops grown in Bihar? Please leave a comment below.

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