Diseases Caused by Pesticides in Human

10 Top Diseases Caused by Pesticides in Human

Would you ever believe that substances or chemicals that help to increase crop production can be very detrimental to our health? 

Let’s look at some of the Diseases Caused by Pesticides in Human.

Well, it’s quite overwhelming that various diseases in human beings have been connected to the usage of pesticides which are actually used to curb pests and as such increase the crops produced in farms or gardens( as the case may be).

Pesticides, however, are an essential component of our agricultural operations in recent times, helping to manage pests and protect crops.  

However, they can not only damage the “targeted” insect or rodent as the case may be, but they are also poisonous, and prolonged exposure to these pesticides can result in a variety of health problems. The diseases caused by these pesticides are quite much in number from complicated ailments to malfunctions to respiratory problems even down to cancer.

When these chemicals are introduced into the atmosphere and the people within the environment,  there is a chain reaction of negative impacts on humans. So, it’s necessary to be kitted when you want to make use of these chemicals. This is because, if neglected and there isn’t proper management, these chemicals can pose an adverse effect on both our bodily and mental health. 

As a matter of fact, lots of individuals have died due to pesticide-linked illnesses. 

Therefore, it is important for people who often make use of pesticides or come in contact with them to be fully informed of the dangers of these chemicals and their effects on human beings as well as measures taken to reduce the exposure on the crops as well as the environment as a whole.

It is important to educate people about the health concerns connected with pesticide exposure even though the consequences of exposure could appear overwhelming.

Therefore, in this article, we shall delve into the world of pesticides and talk about the health dangers connected to pesticide exposure. 

Prepare to be informed as we discuss the complex network of pesticide exposure and its unavoidable effects on our overall health. 

Let’s Begin!!

What Are Pesticides?

Pesticides are chemical substances that are utilized to eliminate undesirable plants (weeds), insects, rodents, and fungi. There are more than a thousand different insecticides in use today.

What Is The Major Use Of Pesticides In Agriculture?

In the agricultural sector, pesticides play a vital role in controlling pests from affecting the crops. Therefore, in the absence of these chemicals, farmers in general would not be able to harvest/yield many crops as a result of pest infestation. So, the best way of reducing this crop damage is by the use of pesticides.

However, these same pesticides that are very important in agriculture pose a threat to humans as they have caused various life-threatening diseases which we’d talk about later in the article.

Types Of Pesticides 

Pesticides come in a wide variety of forms, and each is designed to be efficient against a particular insect. 

These are some of the various pesticides.

#1. Algaecide

This type of pesticide is used to prevent the growth of algae in ponds, lakes, etc. An example of a recognized algaecide is copper sulfate. 

#2. Fungicides

Using this kind of pesticide, fungus, and their spores can be kept in check. Fungicides include substances such as captan, folpet, dithiocarbamates, pentachlorophenol, and mercurials.

#3. Herbicides

These are chemicals that are used on plants that are not wanted on the farm, such as weeds, to either kill them or curb their growth.

#4. Rodenticides

Rodenticides are chemicals used to kill rodents such as rats, mice, squirrels, etc.

#5. Insecticides

These are chemicals used in killing or controlling insects. 

What Are The Adverse Effects Of Pesticides On Human Health?

Pesticides work well to manage pests, However, making use of them can likely be harmful to human health. From minor skin irritations to cancer, endocrine abnormalities, and birth defects, these consequences can vary widely.

After exposure, pesticides have negative consequences on human health. The result of pesticide exposure to humans can either be a short-term or long-term health consequence. 

Some of the examples of short-term effects include; diarrhea/vomiting, dizziness, eye sting, blindness, and blisters. 

Meanwhile, Cancer, birth abnormalities, reproductive damage, immunotoxicity, cerebral and fetal toxicity, and endocrine system disturbance are all examples of recognized chronic consequences.

Although, there are quite a number of individuals who are at a higher risk of being vulnerable to the impact than others this is because of their exposure to the chemicals or immunity level. This group of people will be explained much later in the article.

Diseases Caused by Pesticides in Human: The Negative Effects of Pesticides

Acute Health Effects

Pesticides can be extremely poisonous. This means that they might be hazardous or fatal after just one instance of ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact. The symptoms appear quickly after exposure or within 48 hours.

Short-term or acute contact with pesticides can result in some of the following health implications:

  • Headaches and dizziness
  • Nausea and diarrhea 
  • Inflammation of the skin and eyes 
  • Respiratory difficulties 

Chronic ( Long Term) Health Effects

Pesticides can have long-term negative consequences, mainly after recurrent or persistent minor exposure. Minor amounts may not always have immediate consequences, but they can produce very serious illnesses over time.

Long-term or chronic pesticide exposure can result in the following negative health effects;

  • Cancer
  • Reproductive and developmental difficulties
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Organ damage

Exposure to chemicals like pesticide cause cancer. Some of the cancers caused by pesticides include;

  • Leukemia
  • Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Lung cancer

Pesticide-related Reproductive Issues and Birth Deformities

Among the reproductive problems and birth malformations that can result from pesticide exposure are:

  • Low sperm count
  • Reduced fertility
  • Miscarriage and preterm births
  • Birth defects

The Health Impact of Pesticide Exposure On The Endocrine System

Exposure of pesticides to the body can also result in the disruption of the endocrine which can further lead to the affection of the hormones in the body. Some of the issues caused include;

  • Thyroid disorder 
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity

Chronic Diseases Caused by Exposure Of Pesticides To Human 

The release of these chemicals has also been connected to the development of chronic ailments. 

The following chronic ailments have been related to pesticide exposure;

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Autism

Individuals at High Risk for Pesticide Exposure

As stated earlier, in as much as pesticide exposure can be of harm to humans in general, there are certain individuals who are more vulnerable to these chemicals than others.  They consist of;

#1. Farmers and Agricultural Personnel 

These sets of persons are more likely to be exposed to these pesticides and are more vulnerable to their harmful effects. This is because they are within close range of the chemical and they make use of these chemicals almost every time. 

#2. Pregnant Women and Infants

As a result of their low immune systems, pregnant women and newborns are more vulnerable to exposure to pesticides.

#3. Residential Exposure

People who live close to agricultural land, vegetable gardens, or other agricultural regions are also likely to be exposed to pesticides.

Factors that Determine the Health Outcomes of Pesticide Exposure

The effects of pesticide exposure on health are influenced by a number of underlying factors. Some of these factors include;

  • Level of the harmfulness of the Pesticide
  • Time of exposure 
  • Quantity of the Pesticide Applied
  • Individual Genetic Susceptibility 

Ways To Curb Pesticide Exposure

Exposure to pesticides can be controlled or managed in a number of ways. This can be accomplished by using ecologically acceptable pesticide substitutes.

#1. The Use Of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Ensuring to make use of personal protection equipment, such as gloves, respirators, and protective gear, can aid farmers and agricultural employees to reduce exposure to these pesticides.

#2. Seminars for Training and Awareness of hazardous substances

To avoid exposure to pesticides, farmers and agricultural workers must have education and awareness initiatives.

#3. Prudent Use of Pesticides

Appropriate pesticide usage in agriculture can lessen pesticide exposure and associated negative effects.

#4. Regulations and the Legal Framework Regarding Pesticide Usage

Government regulations regarding pesticide application and authorization, advertising and packaging standards, pesticide usage constraints, compliance, and implementation can limit and avoid exposure to pesticides.

Substitutes To Pesticides in Agriculture

In the agricultural sector, there are various alternatives to pesticides that can be made use of. They include:

  • The use of Integrated Pest Management
  • Natural Pest Control Techniques 
  • Crop Rotation

Measures Taken in The Occurrence of Pesticide Poisoning

It is advised to take the following actions in the event of pesticide poisoning:

  • First Aid Treatment
  • Emergency Medical Care
  • Poison Control Reporting

Can Pesticide Cause Cancer?

Yes, pesticides have been connected to several types of cancer, including leukemia, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and lung cancer.

 Does the Government Play A Role in Pesticide Regulation?

By establishing laws and policies governing their usage, the government takes a part in controlling pesticides.

Are Pesticide Substitutes Available in Agriculture?

The use of integrated pest control, natural pest control techniques, and rotation of crops are a few substitutes for pesticides in agriculture.

What Exactly Can I Do If I Detect Pesticide Poisoning?

If you observe that you or someone else have the signs and symptoms, consult a physician at once and contact poison control.

Final Thoughts

Despite the fact that pesticides are very important not only in the agricultural sector but also in industries and also households, it is also not possible to overlook the harmful consequences of pesticide exposure. Therefore, it is important to encourage environmentally friendly farming practices.

These chemicals are very crucial as they are frequently utilized in agriculture to safeguard crops against harm. 

Unfortunately, the health of people may be negatively impacted by these toxins. The various pesticide types, the detrimental health impacts connected to their use, and strategies to avoid exposure were all covered in this article.

Therefore, it is very important for all those in the agricultural sector to be aware of these negative impacts of pesticides to humans as well as practice safe pesticide use to minimize these effects.

Hope you found this article insightful. Also, check out the Importance of Vegetable Farming.

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